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FMHI Research Library, MHC1727
(Select materials compiled by L. Arroyo)
The ASD Umbrella
What is Autism?
The National Institutes of Health defines Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) as "a complex developmental disability that causes problems with social interaction and communication. Symptoms usually start before age three and can cause delays or problems in many different skills that develop from infancy to adulthood." According to the National Institute of Mental Health, "The term 'spectrum' refers to the wide range of symptoms, skills, and levels of impairment, or disability, that children with ASD can have. Some children are mildly impaired by their symptoms, but others are severely disabled."
Disorders within this category include:
- Autistic disorder
- Asperger syndrome
- Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (e.g., Childhood Disintegrative Disorder and Rett Syndrome)
Additional information about autism and autistic spectrum is available online: