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Ottoman History

Key Resources

For a comprehensive overview of Ottoman history, see

Faroqhi, Suraiya; Inalcik, Halil. (1973). An economic and social history of the Ottoman Empire. Vol. I. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Inalcik, Halil; Quataert, Donald.(1994). An economic and social history of the Ottoman Empire, 1300-1914. Vol. II.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chambers, Richard L. The Ottoman Empire (A chronological outline). University of Chicago. 

Hooker, Richard. The Ottomans. Washington State University. 

History of Turkey.  Eastern Corner. 


 For help with the Turkish language

For an introduction to the Turhisk language, se

There is also a Turkish-English online dictionary on this page, top right corner, and at

What is Ottoman History?

Ottoman history spanned over six hundred years, from 1299-1923.  From tribal beginnings at the close of the Seljuk period, the House of Osman expanded into Byzantium, the Balkans,  Serbia, and Poland.   During the reign of Selim I and Suliyman I (The Magnificent) in the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire expanded again, taking in parts of Persia and Arabia, Egypt and Syria, Hungary, and Greece. At the same time, the Sultan entered into an alliance with France against Hapsburg Austria and Spain.   Suliyman's reign witnessed an outpouring of the literary arts and architecture, which in turn influenced European taste.   The following centuries saw the gradual decline of the Turkish state as wars successively reduced the empire.