Skip to main content


Instructional content for ENC 1101 information literacy modules

The Research Process

The Research Process



The research process involves identifying, locating, assessing, and analyzing the information you need to support your research question, and then developing and expressing your ideas. These are the same skills you need any time you write a report, proposal, or put together a presentation. 

Library research involves the step-by-step process used to gather information in order to write your paper, create a presentation, or complete a project. As you progress from one step to the next, it is often necessary to rethink, revise, add additional material or even adjust your topic. Much will depend on what you discover during your research. 

The research process can be broken down into seven steps, making it more manageable and easier to understand. This module will give you an idea of what's involved at each step in order to give you a better overall picture of where you are in your research, where you will be going, and what to expect at each step.


Lesson Objectives

After completing this module, you should be able to:

  • Recognize the definition of the Research Process as stated in the module video
  • Identify the seven stages of the research process
  • Identify where you are in the process and what steps you will take next


jigsaw-puzzle-piece.jpgModule Activities

Please complete the following activities:

  1.  View this short video (5:52), courtesy of OnDemand Instruction providing an overview of the research process:


  2. Review the graphic below showing the seven steps of the research process:
    Creative Commons License
    This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  3. Complete this activity where you will match each step in the research process with its corresponding label.


head_quiz.jpegModule Quiz

Complete the quiz for this module in your Canvas course. This quiz contains four questions. You will have 15 minutes to complete the quiz. You may take this quiz twice (highest score retained).