Academic Freedom and the Inclusive and Equitable Classroom


Critical Race Theory or CRT is an academic concept that comes from the framework of legal analysis. Early scholars included Derrick Bell, Kimberlé Crenshaw, Cheryl Harris, and Richard Delgado. While CRT began as a legal framework, other disciplines have also embraced it. Resources below include some important works on the topic as well as ways to implement and teach CRT in your classroom. 


Clark. (2020). Toward a critical race pedagogy of physical education. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 25(4), 439–450.

Kim. (2021). Under the Law: “Anti-critical race theory” laws and the assault on pedagogy. Phi Delta Kappan, 103(1), 64–65.

Lynn, Jennings, M. E., & Hughes, S. (2013). Critical race pedagogy 2.0: lessons from Derrick Bell. Race, Ethnicity and Education, 16(4), 603–628.

Marx, & Pennington, J. (2003). Pedagogies of critical race theory: Experimentations with white preservice teachers. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 16(1), 91–110.