IEEE Quick Examples

Book Citation Example

[#] A. A. Author, Title: Subtitle (in italics), Edition(if not the first), Vol.(if a multivolume work). Place of publication: Publisher, Year, page number(s) (if appropriate).


[1] M. N. DeMers, Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems, 3rd ed. New York: John Wiley, 2005.

Article Citation Example

[#] A. Author, "Title of Article," Title of Journal, vol. #, no. #, p. page numbers, year. [Format]. Available: Database Name (if appropriate), internet address. [Accessed: date of access].


[2] A. Holub, "Is software engineering an oxymoron?" Software Development Times, p. 28+, March 2005. [Online]. Available: ProQuest, [Accessed May 23, 2005].


Citing Sources

IEEE Citation Style Basics

The IEEE citation style, developed by the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers), serves as a standardized method for citing sources in technical and scientific writing, particularly in the fields of engineering and computer science. Its history dates back to the early days of the IEEE, when a need arose for a consistent, concise, and efficient system of citation to accommodate the dense and intricate nature of technical documents. The IEEE style's numerical citation system, characterized by in-text numerical references and a detailed reference list, was designed to maintain clarity in documents replete with citations, ensuring smooth reading and comprehension. This system, evolving over time to include guidelines for various types of sources, including digital media, addresses the unique demands of technical disciplines, promoting uniformity and ease of understanding in the global academic and professional community. The existence of the IEEE citation style underscores the importance of standardization and practicality in academic writing within technically focused disciplines.

Basic Guides for IEEE Style

IEEE Tutorial