Information about the 1943 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine awarded to Henrik Dam and Edward A. Doisy for their work and research on Vitamin K leading to applications for the treatment of bleeding in small children.
Biographical information about Tadeus Reichstein and his research on the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects, including the isolation of cortisone and discovery of its ability to treat rheumatoid arthritis.
Research article regarding compounds known as "Cardiac Glycosides" which have effects upon the cardiovascular system. The article discusses the polka-dot wasp moth (Syntomeida epilais) which stores Cardiac Glycosides in its body tissues that it gains by feeding upon oleander plants (Nerium oleander), a poisonous plant in the Apocynaceae family.
Biographical information about John R. Vane and his research on prostaglandins and related biologically active substances. Vane's research included work on the mechanism of action for acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), which he showed works by inhibiting the formation of prostaglandins.
Information about the 1982 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine which was awarded jointly to John R. Vane, Sune K. Bergström, and Bengt I. Samuelsson for their discoveries concerning prostaglandins and related biologically active substances.
Biographical information about Barbara McClintock and her research on genetics, including her studies of maize (also known as corn) genetics which led to the discovery of mobile genetic elements that can change position on chromosomes.
Biographical information about Tu Youyou and her research on artemisinin, a chemical compound extracted from the Sweet Wormwood plant (Artemisia annua), and its use as a novel medical treatment for malaria.
Article about Ge Hong, a traditional Chinese medicinal herbalist who lived between 283-363 A.D., and his book "A Handbook of Formulas for Emergencies". This book played an important role in Tu Youyou's research on anti-malarial drugs which led to the discovery of "artemisinin" as an effective anti-malarial drug.